Science and Technology Syllabus For UPSC

science and technology syllabus for upsc

The Science and Technology syllabus for the UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) exam is comprehensive and covers a wide range of topics. It is designed to test a candidate’s understanding of scientific concepts and their applications. It is included in both the Prelims General Studies-I paper and the Mains GS-3 paper.

Here’s a brief overview of the syllabus:

UPSC Prelims – General Studies-I:

Physics: Universe, Big Bang, Stars, Universe and Solar System, Nebular Hypothesis of Laplace.

Chemistry and Biology: General topics from these subjects are also included.

UPSC Mains – GS-3: Science and Technology

Developments in science and technology, their applications, and effects on society.

Developments and Applications:

  • Awareness of the latest developments in IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-technology, Bio-technology.
  • Understanding their applications and effects in everyday life.

Achievements of Indians in Science & Technology:

  • Contributions of Indian scientists and technologists.
  • Indigenization of technology and development of new technology.

Issues Relating to Intellectual Property Rights (IPR):

  • Understanding the importance of IPR in the context of Science and Technology.

Policy and Institutional Structure:

  • India’s policies in the field of Science & Technology.
  • The institutional framework supporting these policies.

New Initiatives and National Agenda:

  • Government initiatives aligned with the national agenda for scientific development.

India and World Collaboration:

  • Collaborative projects between India and other countries in the field of science.

Space Technology:

  • Satellite communication, remote sensing applications, cryogenic rockets, GPS.
  • Role of space technology in development and India’s position in the space race.

Information Technology (IT), Telecom & Electronics:

  • The IT industry in India, applications of IT, display technologies, telecommunication.
  • Government initiatives in these sectors.

Defence Technology:

  • Missile systems, India’s missile program, UAVs, stealth technology, chemical and biological weapons.

Nano-Science and Nano-Technology:

  • Developments in nanoscience, applications, and impacts of nanotechnology.
  • Social and ethical impacts, and India’s advancements in this field.

Robotics and Artificial Intelligence (AI):

  • Applications and potential issues related to robotics and AI, including unemployment.

Nuclear Energy:

  • India’s nuclear power policy, non-energy applications, and issues related to radioactive waste.


  • Applications, biotechnology projects, bio-piracy, bioinformatics, and ethical dimensions.

Renewable Energy:

  • Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTEC), green buildings, tidal, wave, geothermal energy, fuel cells.

Achievements and Policies:

  • Contributions of Indian scientists through history.
  • Policies and reports related to Science and Technology like Vision Document 2035, National Biotechnology Development Strategy, etc.

Current Affairs:

Integration of current developments in science and technology with the static part of the UPSC syllabus. It’s important to stay updated with the latest advancements and understand their socio-political and economic impacts.

For a detailed syllabus and preparation tips, you can refer to the syllabus provided by UPSC. This will help you prepare effectively for both the Prelims and Mains examinations.

Remember, the key is to integrate the static part of the UPSC syllabus with current affairs and recent advancements in the field of Science and Technology.

How to cover science and technology syllabus for UPSC?

Covering the Science and Technology syllabus for the UPSC exam requires a strategic approach. Here are some steps to help you effectively cover the syllabus:

#1. Understand the Syllabus:

Get a clear understanding of the topics covered under the Science and Technology syllabus for both UPSC Prelims and Mains.

#2. Basic Concepts:

Start with NCERT books to build a strong foundation in basic scientific principles and technological concepts.

#3. Current Affairs:

Regularly follow reputable sources for the latest developments in science and technology. This helps in integrating current affairs with the static part of the syllabus.

#4. Make Notes:

Prepare comprehensive notes that are well-organized and tailored to the UPSC exam pattern. This will help in quick revisions and clarifying complex concepts.

#5. Interdisciplinary Approach:

Recognize the interdisciplinary nature of UPSC questions and integrate knowledge from various subjects.

#6. Previous Year Papers:

Analyze previous years’ question papers to understand the trend of questions asked in the exam.

#7. Relevant Sources:

Collect all the necessary UPSC study materials and books required to cover the Science and Technology syllabus.

#8. Practice and Revision:

Regularly practice answer writing and revise your notes to retain the information.

#9. Government Policies and Announcements:

Stay updated with government policies and announcements related to the field of Science and Technology.

#10. Use Visual Aids:

Utilize diagrams and flowcharts to understand and remember complex processes and systems.

#11. Mock Tests:

Take mock tests to assess your understanding and improve your time management skills.

#12. Expert Guidance:

Consider joining a coaching institute or following online platforms for expert guidance and structured preparation.

Remember, consistency and staying updated with the latest advancements are key to covering the vast syllabus of Science and Technology for the UPSC exam.

Is Science and Technology Syllabus same for UPSC Prelims and MAINS ?

The Science and Technology syllabus for UPSC is not exactly the same for Prelims and Mains. While there is some overlap, the focus and depth of the syllabus differ between the two stages of the exam.

UPSC Prelims:

The Prelims syllabus is more about general awareness and covers a broad range of subjects. The UPSC preliminary syllabus includes current developments in Science and Technology and their applications in everyday life. The questions are objective and test the candidates’ basic understanding and awareness.

UPSC Mains (GS-3):

The UPSC Mains syllabus, particularly in GS-3, requires an in-depth examination of Science and Technology topics.

It includes detailed study of developments and their applications, achievements of Indians in science & technology, awareness in fields like IT, space, computers, robotics, biotechnology, and issues related to intellectual property rights.

The questions are descriptive and test the candidates’ analytical abilities and writing skills.

In summary, while the Prelims focus on a broader understanding and general awareness, the UPSC Mains require a more detailed and analytical approach to Science and Technology topics.

It’s important for candidates to adjust their study strategies accordingly for each stage of the UPSC exam.

What kind of questions are asked in UPSC from science and technology syllabus?

The questions from the Science and Technology syllabus in the UPSC exams are designed to assess a candidate’s understanding of scientific concepts, their applications, and their relevance to society and governance.

Here are some types of questions you can expect:

UPSC Prelims:

  • Questions are often current affairs-driven or are basic in nature. They test general awareness rather than in-depth scientific knowledge.
  • Topics can include recent scientific developments, applications of new technologies, and government initiatives in science and technology.

Sample Questions:

1. Consider the following digital platforms:

   – Aarogya Setu

   – COWIN

   – DigiLocker


   Which of the above are built on top of open-source digital platforms?

   (a) 1 and 2 only

   (b) 2, 3 and 4 only

   (c) 1, 3 and 4 only

   (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

2. With reference to “Software as a Service (SaaS)”, consider the following statements:

   – SaaS buyers can customize the user interface and can change data fields.

   – SaaS users can access their data through their mobile devices.

   – Outlook, Hotmail, and Yahoo! Mail are forms of SaaS.

   Which of the statements given above are correct?

   (a) 1 and 2 only

   (b) 2 and 3 only

   (c) 1 and 3 only

   (d) 1, 2 and 3

UPSC Mains (GS-3):

  • Questions require analytical thinking and the ability to integrate knowledge with current affairs.
  • They may ask for an analysis of the impact of scientific developments on society, the economy, and the environment.
  • Candidates might be asked to write essays on topics like the role of technology in governance, challenges in adopting new technologies, etc.

Sample Essay Topics:

  • Discuss the role of nanotechnology in health and agriculture sectors.
  • Analyze the impact of artificial intelligence on employment in the service sector.
  • Evaluate the challenges and opportunities presented by India’s space exploration program.

It’s important to practice answer writing and stay updated with the latest developments in science and technology to tackle these questions effectively.

For more examples and detailed analysis, you can refer to past years’ question papers and study materials from reputable sources.

What is the importance of science and technology in UPSC syllabus ?

The importance of Science and Technology in the UPSC syllabus is multifaceted and reflects the significant role that scientific knowledge and technological advancements play in modern governance and society.

Here are some key reasons why Science and Technology hold a pivotal place in the UPSC syllabus:

1. Contemporary Relevance:

Science and Technology are integral to understanding and addressing contemporary issues and developments worldwide.

2. Policy Formulation:

Candidates with a strong foundation in Science and Technology are better equipped to engage in rational, logical, and analytical decision-making, which is crucial for policy formulation as civil servants.

3. Governance and Development:

Scientific knowledge and technological innovations are driving forces behind economic growth, public health, and sustainable development.

4. National Security:

Understanding the technological aspects of defense, cybersecurity, and disaster management is essential for national security planning.

5. Global Competitiveness:

Awareness of global scientific and technological trends is necessary to ensure that India remains competitive on the international stage.

6. Interdisciplinary Approach:

The UPSC exam syllabus often features interdisciplinary questions that require candidates to integrate knowledge from various subjects, including Science and Technology.

7. Technological Literacy:

As future administrators, UPSC candidates must be technologically literate to effectively implement and manage government schemes and initiatives that involve technological components.

8. Public Service Delivery:

Science and Technology play a crucial role in improving public service delivery through e-governance, digital India initiatives, and other tech-driven projects.

9. Environmental Challenges:

Addressing environmental challenges such as climate change, pollution, and conservation efforts requires a sound understanding of scientific principles and technologies.

10. Health and Education:

Innovations in Science and Technology significantly impact the sectors of health and education, areas where civil servants often contribute directly.

The Bottom Line

The UPSC syllabus for Science and Technology prepares candidates to tackle the challenges of the 21st century with knowledge and skills that are relevant, current, and applicable across various domains of governance and public administration.

It ensures that future civil servants are well-versed in the scientific and technological dimensions that are increasingly influential in shaping India’s future.

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