UNEP Adaptation Gap Report 2022

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UNEP Adaptation Gap Report 2022

The report “The Adaptation Gap Report 2022: Too Little, Too Slow – Climate Adaptation Failure Puts the World at Risk” was released by the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP).

Current Affairs Important Points

About the Adaptation Gap Report

The Adaptation Gap Report (AGR), published annually by UNEP since 2014, provides a science-based assessment of global progress on adaptation planning, financing and implementation. It recommends measures to further national and global adaptation efforts and provides an in-depth assessment of various issues of interest.

What is compatibility?

Adaptation is the measures already taken to protect against the inevitable effects of climate change. It refers to the adjustments in social, economic and ecological systems that are changing or will be changed by the climate crisis. It is one of the 3 main planks of climate action. Others are:

Mitigation:

Efforts to try to reduce the effects of global warming.

Loss and Damage:

Efforts to mitigate the impact of disasters and enable countries to recover from their impact.

What are the key findings of AGR 2022?

  • Current global efforts in adaptation planning, financing and implementation are insufficient to address growing climate-related risks.
  • The world is currently on track for a 2.8°C increase in average global temperature over the pre-industrial average from 1850 to 1900. According to researchers, if the global temperature rises above 2°C, it could cause a catastrophic climate crisis.
  • The 2022 report found that at least 84% of parties to the UNFCCC (UN Framework Convention on Climate Change) have adaptation plans, strategies, policies and laws in place. This is an increase of 5% compared to the previous year.
  • More than 8 out of 10 countries have at least one national adaptation planning instrument that is improving and becoming more inclusive.
  • A third of the 197 parties to the UNFCCC have quantitative and time-bound targets that focus on climate adaptation.
  • About 90 percent of the planning instruments consider gender and other vulnerable groups such as indigenous communities.
  • However, there is a lack of financial support required to implement these projects.
  • International funding for adaptation needs of developing countries falls 5 to 10 times lower than estimated needs, and this gap continues to widen. The cost of adaptation needs is expected to increase to 160-340 billion USD by 2030 and 315-565 billion USD by 2050.
  • Currently, governments’ adaptation measures are focused on agriculture, water, ecosystems and cross-cutting sectors. However, in the absence of financial support, adaptation measures may be overwhelmed by accelerating climate risks.

What are the recommendations of the report?

  • The report found that linking adaptation and mitigation measures early in planning, financing and implementation would significantly benefit climate action, as well as reducing trade-offs such as hydropower that adversely affect energy use that increase food security or irrigation.
  • Strong and unprecedented political will is needed to increase investment in adaptation measures. Additional long-term investments are critical to prevent further widening of the adoption gap.
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